|by Eben Brown, © copyright 2003-2015 all rights reserved.
Installing a new barrel is the most popular upgrade for your Ruger 10/22 carbine. And, it's easy to do! Your original 10/22 Instruction Manual tells how to remove the stock: Loosen the barrel band and slide it forward off the forend. Loosen the take-down screw on the bottom of the stock and lift the original barreled action out of the stock. Be careful not to misplace the take down screw as you'll need it when installing a new stock.
What You Should Know About Match 10/22 Barrels - The standard for match 10/22 barrels is a "heavy" contour... essentially no taper and .920" in diameter. This is important to note because these barrels will not fit in the barrel channel of the standard factory stock. You'll either have to open up the factory stock barrel channel with wood working tools OR, just buy an aftermarket 10/22 stock that is already designed to fit the .920" diameter Match 10/22 barrel.
Remove the Original Barrel - Using a 5/32 allen wrench, loosen and remove the two machine screws that tighten the V-block into the barrel at the front of the receiver. You should now be able to remove the original barrel from the receiver by twisting and pulling. If the barrel is too difficult to pull out, you may want to use a barrel vise or the 10/22 Barrel Pusher Tool (below).
Install the New Match Barrel - Simply a reverse of the removal process... Slide the barrel into the receiver, line up and tighten the V-Block. And install the barreled receiver into the stock. The new barrel may be a tight fit... It's supposed to fit snug. If it's too hard to fit into the receiver, you may need to sand the stub just-a-little with 600 grit emory cloth... Don't take off too much.
Links for Barrels and Stocks - For well under $200, you can purchase a match grade Ruger 10/22 barrel and stock that'll easily shoot 1/2" groups at 50 yards. Here's where to get them: Ruger 10/22 Barrels | Gunstocks for the Ruger 10/22
Ruger 10/22 Barrel Pusher...The Easiest Way to Remove and Replace Ruger 10/22 Barrels!
Replacing a Ruger 10/22 barrel can sometimes be difficult if the barrel sticks tight in the receiver. 10/22 barrels are not threaded so if a barrel doesn't pull out of the receiver easily, you'll usually need a barrel vise and a twisting and pulling session to get it off... NOT ANYMORE!
This new 10/22 Barrel Pusher tool uses mechanical advantage to gently and safely push a sticking barrel straight out of the receiver. Just mount this tool into your 10/22 receiver and start tightening the hex screw. The nylon pusher will press the barrel completely outward. (Click Instructions PDF)
The 10/22 Barrel Pusher is designed to align properly using anchor points in the 10/22 receiver, It won't scratch or dent the barrel or the receiver, either.
Info/Order 10/22 Barrel Pusher